- Bruce Wick, California Professional Association of Specialty Contractor Director of Risk Management;
- Karen Townsend, Sodexo Senior Manager, Health, Safety & Environment;
- Jeffrey R. Einhorn, Non-Profits’ United Chief Executive Officer; and
- Karen Fry, Commerce Casino.
The Governor’s Agenda for Workers’ Compensation
Question: The California workers’ compensation system has been through multiple reforms over the last decade, do you feel that our new Governor’s administration will “turn back the clock” and undue some of the progress that has been made?The inauguration of Governor Gavin Newsom brought with it important questions about the future of workers’ compensation reforms enacted under Governor Jerry Brown’s administration. The general consensus from the expert panel reflected mostly uncertainty with a modest level of confidence that California’s new Governor will not address any major work comp issues during this session. Panelists explained that for the time being labor advocates are not “clambering” for change; labor representatives perceive California’s system stability as a good thing for injured workers. Notwithstanding, it is expected that applicant attorneys will continue to make their argument opposing certain workers’ compensation statutes fueled by the perception that work comp does not take care of California’s injured workers. Due to an abundance of issues that rank higher on Governor Newsom’s priority list, no major changes are expected in workers’ compensation this session according to the expert panel.
Seeking Areas of Improvement in California’s Work Comp System
Question: Where do you believe that more work needs to be done and do you think that the California WC system has an influence on whether employers stay, move out, or expand/contract in this State?With the exception of the loss adjustment expense “mess” in California, the panel mostly focused on the rampant issues in Cumulative Trauma (CT) claims as an area overdue for improvement. The severity of the issue varies by region: Northern California, the Central Valley, Southern California – and more specifically Los Angeles area. Karen Fry of Commerce Casino provided an impassioned description of their experience with CT. “We’re on fire,” she explained. Commerce Casino is located in Commerce, California just 8 miles southeast of Los Angeles. The casino employs approximately 2,400 individuals in occupations that include table game dealers, housekeeping, food-service, maintenance, and office administration. It is estimated that 78% the casino’s claims are for CT. “It’s a money problem. Attorneys seemingly throw random things against a wall and wait to see what sticks. With Judges ruling in favor of the claims, it is becoming more difficult to determine what is real and what is not,” Fry explained. Commerce Casino has implemented various programs and tools aimed at preventing inappropriate CT claims and to help employees feel valued. Programs include access to onsite clinical services, onsite chiropractic services, an open-door policy, and more. According to The Cheesecake Factory’s Kurt Leisure, a primary challenge with CT claims is determining what is a legitimate claim and what is not. The panel concurred adding that with the cost to settle these claims ranging from $25,000 to $100,000, a sit-down is desperately needed to explore a more “equitable” approach to CT issues. The panel agreed unanimously that California’s severe CT issues warrant immediate reform by the state’s legislature; no other state in the U.S. faces issues of this magnitude pertinent to CT claims. The panel further suggested that in order for a legislative effort to be successful, large prominent employers in Los Angeles will need to raise the issue by clearly communicating how CT impacts their business. Even with all of its issues, the panel of experts agreed that California’s workers’ compensation system is making strides in the right direction. When asked if the complexities in the state’s work comp system has an influence on employers coming or leaving the Golden State, the expert panel mostly agreed. The majority of industries are not adversely influenced by California’s workers’ compensation landscape. The ability to do business and tap into the world’s 5th largest economy (surpassing the United Kingdom) outweighs the challenges in the state’s work comp system. (LA Times 2018) Some restaurant chains, however, have expressed concerns and are “cautious” about doing business in California.
Automation in Workers’ Compensation
Question: We hear a lot about automation coming into the workers’ compensation system from streamlining billing, telemedicine, wearables, predictive modeling, etc. In your opinion, where does technology fit in best with respect to the administration of our workers’ compensation benefit delivery system and where do we need to make sure that it does not go too far?The value of automation and technology, as expressed by the expert panel, is multidimensional. There are gaps in communication where technology fits in very naturally. Technology can be immensely valuable in helping to communicate effectively with injured workers who do not speak the English language. Technology, such as Telemedicine, is making great strides in solving access to medical care issues created by California vast geographic footprint. While some technology has produced undeniable benefits in some areas, there are notable limitations. The panel identified a growing challenge with automation technology developed for the purpose of engaging the injured worker – it is being ignored by workers and therefore rendered ineffective. Consensus among the experts concluded that the successful administration of workers’ compensation benefits to injured workers heavily relies on human intervention. “Injured workers are people,” explained Jeffrey Einhorn of Non-Profits’ United. “They must be reached and have work comp explained to them on a human to human basis. If workers are not the most valued asset, we have a problem,” Einhorn continued. With the erosion of the human element comes a greater risk of the injured worker feeling alienated and lost in the process. The likelihood of litigation increases as the level of support for the injured worker decreases. The business of workers’ compensation at the core is built around people. Automation and technology can simplify certain tasks, create efficiencies and bridge important gaps, but it must never replace human intervention.